HomeMedicinal Plants > Ashwagandha- Withania somnifera.

 

Ashwagandha (Sanskrit ) -Withania somnifera.

Ashwagandha is popularly known as Indian ginseng. Ayurveda recommends the use of ashwagandha in many health conditions. It is known to reduce stress level, increase energy, boost immunity and reduce inflammation. This herb helps in nervous debility and acts as a rejuvenator. Because of these properties ashwagandha is used in vajikarana preparations. It is commonly used in ayurvedic preparations which help in erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and low sperm count and low sperm motility.

BOTONICAL NAME
 
Withania Somnifera.
FAMILY
 
Solanaceae
STRUCTURE Mature plant: Ashwandha is a shrub which grows upto 1.25 m height . It has woody stem.
Roots: Roots are fleshy and have a distinct odour of horse urine (ashwa- horse, gandha - odour)
Flowers: Small in size and greenish in clour.
Leaves - simple Ovate and 7-9 cms in length
Seeds - red in color
 
HABITAT Naturally occurs in moderate altitude and survives mild to moderate drought conditions. It is mainly found in subtropical region.
PHARMACOLOGY
Researches have shown that ashwagandha help to reduce tumour and stress. It has rejuvenating properties.
It acts as a nerve tonic and improves function of nerves. It reduces stress level.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
 
Pharmacological activity of ashwandha is due to two main withanoloids (withaferin A and withanolide D). Leaves contain -withaferin A
Roots contain starch, glycosides, amino acids , withancil etc
World distribution: India and other subtropical regions

Ayurvedic Description of 'Ashwagandha - Withania Somnifera'

SANSKRIT NAME
Ashwagandha , Varahakarni
 
LOCAL NAMES
(in India)
Hindi- asagandh; Bengali: ashwagandha; Marathi: aasangh, Dorgunj; Gujarathi: aasangh , ghoda aakuna; Tamil; aamkulaang; Telagu - paneru;  Kannada ;ashwagandhi
PROPERTIES
(ayurvedic)

Guna: Laghu, Snigdha
Rasa - Tikta, katu, madhra
Vipaka: Madhura
Veerya: Ushna
KARMA (Action)
Normalises Kapha and Vata. Ashwagandha reduces inflammation, pain and stress. It purifies blood and reduces blood pressure. Increases digestion. Helps in asthma and cough. It acts as best Vajikara and reduces inflammation of uterus. Helps to boost body energy level and immunity. Rejuvenates whole body and increases body energy level. An Excellent rasayana



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