Erectile dysfunction is not a rare condition. It is very common .Male impotence or erectile dysfunction is a condition and not a diseases. This condition occurs when our body or mind do not work properly as they used to in normal conditions. About 80 % of erectile dysfunction or male impotence occur due to physical cause. About 10% result due psychological disturbances. the cause for remaining 10% is unknown.
Here are some of the possible causes for erectile dysfunction:
Lowered level of testosterone hormone:
Over exertion – physically and mentally : Working for long hours in office, mental stress at office and home, short temperedness ,insufficient sleep cause erectile dysfunction. These causes are explained in ayurveda as “shoka chintaa, bhaya, traasaat …. “ which means that erectile dysfunction or Impotence occurs due to grief, fear, anxiety and terror.
Strained relationship with sexual partner: Erectile dysfunction also occurs when there is a disliking towards sexual partner. Ayurveda describes this as “naarinaamarasamjnatwaat…” means disliking for women.
Diseases that cause Erectile dysfunction: Neurological diseases, hypothyroidism, Parkinson’s disease, anemia, depression, arthritis ,endocrine disorders, diabetes, diseases related to cardiovascular system also become reasons for erectile dysfunction.. According to ayurveda the diseases which cause erectile dysfunction are “Hritpaandurogatamakakaamalashrama…” – Heart diseases , anemia , asthma , liver disorders , tiredness .Apart from these the imbalance in tridoshas also cause impotence or erectile dysfunction.
Consumption of medicines, drugs and tobacco: Using antidepressants, tranquilizers and antihypertensive medicines for a long time, addiction to tobacco especially smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, addiction to cocaine, heroin and marijuana cause erectile dysfunction. In ayurveda texts these causes have been said in brief as “rukshamannapaanam tathoushadham” – “dry food , drinks and medicines” cause impotence or erectile dysfunction.
Trauma to pelvic region: accidental injury to pelvic region and surgeries for the conditions of prostate, bladder, colon, or rectal area may lead to erectile dysfunction. These causes are mentioned as abhighata (trauma), shastradantanakhakshataha (injury from weapons, teeth and nail.) in ayurveda.
Other reasons: Obesity , prolonged bicycle riding, past history of sexual abuse and old age also cause Erectile dysfunction. Ayurveda describes the cause of impotence or erectile dysfunction due to old age as follows. ” diminution of – tissue elements, strength, energy, span of life, inability to take nourishing food, physical and mental fatigue lead to impotence”